Frugal Subversion Setup
A while ago I read about, and downloaded the new Versions subversion client. I had never used subversion before except for grabbing a bit of code once in a while and was excited to try it out. Even though I usually work alone the idea of versioning is very appealing – that way if anything goes wrong I can revert quickly to a previous working version.
Versions is great, but thats a topic for another post. The problem I ran into was the 1-repository and 20 MB limit on the free Beanstalk account is too low for me, and the entry-level price of $15 a month is higher than I want to pay. Maybe if I become a svn-a-holic I’ll pay it, but not right now. I looked at some other free subversion hosts, but decided to set up my own, without paying for anything. First, the components:
- The PC that is now my Subversion server.
- VisualSVN Server, (it’s free, and I don’t have to deal with the command-line).
- A WRT54G running dd-wrt firmware.
- A DynDNS.org account, (so I can access the repository from the outside world – if you have a static IP you shouldn’t need this).
- Your own domain name, (optional – just to make the DynDNS.org URL look nicer).
The basic setup is really simple. Download VisualSVN Server and run the installer. Choose where you want the program and the repositories to live. It works like any other Windows installer and only takes a few clicks. Once installed, the VisualSVN Server Manager provides a GUI to manage the server and you can set up a repository and a user with just a few more clicks. It’s super easy.
Once the VisualSVN server is set up you should be able to easily access the repositories from your LAN, but what if you want to work from a coffee shop?
This is where DynDNS.org comes in. If you don’t have a static IP address, and it changes all of the time, you will need an update service to make yourself findable from the outside internet. I looked at several services, but ended up going with DynDNS.org because of its long history, it is free, and it allows enough requests per month that I don’t think I’ll ever hit the limit. Go ahead and set up a DynDNS.org, (or your provider of choice), account and chose a domain, it’s Pretty simple.
Next, you will have to configure an update client for DynDNS.org. This is a program that tells DynDNS.org when my IP changes. Luckily, there is one built into dd-wrt. In order for the router to know my WAN IP I had to set up the router to connect by PPPoE, (instead of the default DHCP setup, where it gets an IP address from the modem). Luckily on dd-wrt this is very simple. Under the setup tab there’s a drop-down for PPPoE, then you find your connection username & password and enter them in the boxes. Hopefully it will be just as easy for you. Once PPPoE is set up, go to DDNS, (a sub-tab of Setup), and enter your DynDNS.org info. Remember to hit “Apply Settings” each time.
That’s all great, but what happens when you’re at a coffee shop and try to connect? Nothing. DD-wrt has a pretty strong firewall. There’s a little more setup still to do. First, the computer with the SVN server needs to have a static IP within the LAN. Since I don’t enjoy messing with windows network settings, I do this with the router. Under the Services tab, in the DHCP server box, there is a place for static leases. Enter your Subversion Server’s MAC address, hostname, (the computer name), and desired IP address there, then scroll to the bottom of the page and click “Apply Settings.” Now that we’ve got the static IP address, we can go to the NAT/QoS tab forward the the port that your Subversion Server uses to the static IP address you just set up.
Finally, to make things a little nicer, if you have a domain name, and your DNS provider allows you to add records, you can add a CNAME record to point a subdomain do your DynDNS.org domain, giving you access to your Subversion repositories via the URL subdomain.yourdomain.com. Fancy!
One note on testing: dd-wrt seems to be smart and knows if a request is coming from the LAN or the internet, so it’s kind of hard to test your remote access from within your LAN. I was able to get around this by logging in to a remote desktop session of another windows computer that is far, far, away from my LAN.
That’s it, now you should have a fully-function SVN server of your own, without paying a penny. Have fun, and feel free to experiment with your code – you always have the previous version to roll back to!